Library News

December 2018 ITAL Issue Now Available

LITA Blog - 2 hours 54 min ago

The December 2018 issue of Information Technology and Libraries (ITAL) marks the end of the journal’s 50th anniversary review with a summary of articles published in the 1990s by Editorial Board member Steven Bowers. That was the decade that introduced the Internet age and many technologies — including the graphic web browser — that laid the foundation for so much of technological progress in libraries ever since.

In this issue:

Gaps in IT and Library Services at Small Academic Libraries in Canada
Jasmine Hoover

Modern academic libraries are hubs of technology, yet the gap between the library and IT is an issue at several small university libraries across Canada that can inhibit innovation and lead to diminished student experience. This paper outlines results of a survey of small (<5,000 FTE) universities in Canada, focusing on IT and the library when it comes to organizational structure, staffing, and location. It then discusses higher level as well as smaller scale solutions to this issue.

The Benefits of Enterprise Architecture for Library Technology Management: An Exploratory Case Study
Sam Searle

This case study describes how librarians and enterprise architects at an Australian university worked together to document key components of the Library’s “as-is” enterprise architecture (EA). The article covers the rationale for conducting this activity, how work was scoped, the processes used, and the outputs delivered.

An Overview of the Current State of Linked and Open Data in Cataloging
Irfan Ullah, Shah Khusro, Asim Ullah, Muhammad Naeem

Linked Open Data (LOD) is a core Semantic Web technology that makes knowledge and information spaces of different knowledge domains manageable, reusable, shareable, exchangeable, and interoperable. The LOD approach achieves this through the provision of services for describing, indexing, organizing, and retrieving knowledge artifacts and making them available for quick consumption and publication. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this review article is the first of its kind that holistically treats the subject of cataloging in the Linked and Open Data environment.

The “Black Box”: How Students Use a Single Search Box to Search for Music Materials
Kirstin Dougan

Given the inherent challenges music materials present to systems and searchers (formats, title forms and languages, and the presence of additional metadata such as work numbers and keys), it is reasonable that those searching for music develop distinctive search habits compared to patrons in other subject areas. This study uses transaction log analysis of the music and performing arts module of a library’s federated discovery tool to determine how patrons search for music materials.

Application Level Security in a Public Library: A Case Study
Richard Thomchick, Tonia San Nicolas-Rocca

Libraries have historically made great efforts to ensure the confidentiality of patron personally identifiable information (PII), but the rapid, widespread adoption of information technology and the internet have given rise to new privacy and security challenges. This report is intended to shed light on the state of HTTPS implementation in libraries, and to suggest ways in which libraries can evaluate and improve application security so that they can better protect the confidentiality of PII about library patrons.

A Technology-Dependent Information Literacy Model within the Confines of a Limited Resources Environment
Ibrahim Abunadi

The purpose of this paper is to investigate information literacy as an increasingly evolving trend in computer education. Based on a quantitative study, a practical, technology-dependent information literacy model was developed and tested in a case study, resulting in fostering the information literacy skills of students who majored in information systems.

Editorial Content

  • ITAL is launching a new regular column in 2019, “Public Libraries Leading the Way.” This column will highlight technology-based innovations from the public library perspective. See the Letter from the Editor for more details.
  • Other editorial content in this issue includes a letter from LITA President Bohyun Kim about the proposed merger of LITA, ALCTS, and LLAMA
  • Our Editorial Board Thoughts column on Critical Technology, contributed this month by Cinthya Ippoliti.

Submit Your Ideas

Contact ITAL Editor Ken Varnum at varnum@umich.edu with your proposal. Current formats are generally:

  • Articles – original research or comprehensive and in-depth analyses, in the 3000-5000 word range.
  • Communications – brief research reports, technical findings, and case studies, in the 1000-3000 word range.

Questions or Comments?

For all other questions or comments related to LITA publications, contact us at (312) 280-4268 or lita@ala.org.

Categories: Library News

IT Centralization: Impact on Academic Libraries

LITA Blog - Thu, 2018-12-13 18:32

Authors’ notes: This post is co-authored by Kelly Sattler, Head of Web Services, Michigan State University. It is part one of a two-part series on IT centralization and academic libraries.This post will define IT centralization and talk about what to expect when a centralization initiative begins.  Part two, coming in January, will address how to respond to centralization and what to expect in the longer term. Image free from pixabay

As university budgets continue to be squeezed by increasing costs and decreasing funding, university administrators scour the campus to find ways to make operations more efficient. IT is a frequent target for these exercises, as it is both ubiquitous and expensive. Often, initiatives to centralize IT functions and personnel are undertaken in order to coordinate and standardize services and equipment, theoretically increasing efficiency and reducing costs. Because academic libraries are IT-intensive, centralization can have a significant impact on library staff and operations. Your intrepid authors, Kelly and Janet, are both experiencing IT centralization at their respective institutions. Kelly’s institution, Michigan State University (MSU), initiated their IT centralization on April 12, 2018, while Janet’s institution, Northern Arizona University (NAU), began IT centralization in September 2015. Together we will share what we have learned and are still learning about IT centralization and its impact on libraries and library staff.

What is IT centralization?

Before we go any further, let’s define what we mean by IT centralization. Put simply, IT centralization means taking IT functions from campus units such as the library or colleges and moving those functions and, usually, associated personnel and funding to a central IT department that serves the entire campus or institution. In practice, centralization projects vary across institutions for a variety of reasons and in a variety of ways:

  • Purpose: Some institutions might centralize to cope with an immediate budget crisis, while others might gradually implement centralization to reduce costs generally, improve quality and efficiency, or for other reasons. The purpose of a centralization initiative will often determine its scope and timeline.
  • Scope: Some campuses will choose to centralize nearly everything, while others will centralize selected functions and leave some unit IT operations intact. The scope will be determined in part by what remains to be centralized. Some campuses have very few functions centralized, usually enterprise-wide administrative applications for finances and personnel, while others will have few IT functions distributed at the start of the initiative and therefore have little left to centralize
  • Timeline: Some centralization initiatives are pushed through quickly (typically those intended to address a budget shortfall), while others may be implemented more gradually. The ones that are rushed will likely be poorly communicated, poorly implemented and highly frustrating.
What to expect

IT centralization often brings significant organizational change–for the library, for other campus units, and for central IT. To put it simply: this kind of change is hard. Based on our experiences, here are some of the things you can expect during an IT centralization initiative.

Impact on staff

Library IT staff may begin reporting to central IT and may also be physically relocated to central IT, sometimes with little or no notice. They may have their library employment terminated and have to  apply for jobs in central IT, a process which can result in some staff losing their jobs. For many of us who work in libraries, library work is our passion and part of our identity. Being told we will be reporting to campus IT may not be welcome news, and some staff may leave the institution rather than accept the transfer–taking all their knowledge and experience with them. In some cases, a library IT employee can remain in the library–but only by changing their position and responsibilities to exclude IT work. Kelly has seen each happen with people at MSU who were to be centralized.

Employment classifications may also change; for example, centralized staff may move from a union to non-union position (or vice-versa), which can change their benefit package, expectations for work hours, and more.

Centralization can also create new opportunities for centralized staff. They may get higher salaries in their new roles and/or have access to career opportunities that were not available in the library. The bottom line: No matter how well-managed the centralization process may be, it will create significant fear, uncertainty, doubt, and stress among affected staff and their colleagues throughout the library.

Impact on operations

Most academic libraries are IT-intensive. Put another way, we cannot do our jobs or provide services to users without sophisticated and reliable IT systems. When IT functions are centralized, the library loses some if not all control over how those functions are staffed and delivered. Any major change in the way IT is implemented and managed will affect most aspects of library operations.

Service levels

The level of service and hours of operation may be different once functions are centralized, which can be both good and bad. For example, at NAU, central IT is able to provide phone support 24/7 most days, which the library lacked the staff to do. At the same time, centralized classroom IT support is not available during late evening hours, whereas the library provided IT support for its classrooms anytime a class or event was in session.

Standardization

In the centralization initiatives at NAU, many systems were standardized as they were centralized. Standardization may affect the library’s ability to meet specialized needs and may reduce the quality of the experience delivered. Computer purchasing was centralized, which meant purchasing from a pre-approved list or requesting an exception that has to be granted at the VP level. Fortunately, we were given input into that list, and it has worked well for us. In another case, when virtual infrastructure was centralized, the virtual solution offered by central IT could not stream video on thin clients acceptably, while the library’s virtual infrastructure handled video well. The eventual solution, after nearly a year of investigation and negotiation, was to install desktops rather than thin clients for library users.

Capacity for future innovation

One of our biggest fears at NAU was that centralization would limit our ability to innovate. NAU’s Cline Library was often a center for technological innovation on campus. In the last five years, we have built a makerspace that offers high-volume 3D printing and a technology-intensive flipped classroom that, when it was built, was the most technologically-sophisticated teaching space on campus. We were able to complete those projects because we had outstanding in-house IT staff. Now that many of those positions have been centralized, we will need to rely more heavily on central IT for future technology projects.

At MSU, one of our biggest fears is that our projects will never make it up high enough in the queue to be worked on. A project that will enable 3 librarians to do their job better will have a hard time being prioritized over a project that will impact all 40,000+ undergrads. It is easy to understand why a central organization would make that choice, but it does underscore why we hired our own IT staff to begin with. Janet has also experienced this issue at previous institutions with centralized IT environments.

There are a few coping strategies to deal with these scenarios. First, do what you can to set up a process with IT that will enable the cycling of smaller projects into their work cycle. If possible, work with them to have a team that is dedicated to developing application/systems needed as one offs for the library. Ideally, it would be just the library and not all the other colleges too, but that’s unlikely to be seen as practical. If that fails, see if IT has a list of approved vendors that can be hired temporarily by a unit to complete work that central IT doesn’t have the resources to complete. This second option requires having money to pay the vendor, which may not be in the budget, especially if the library’s IT budget was taken with the IT staff. Third, see if IT will give librarians access to the servers so they might develop their own applications.

Workload and turnaround time

At NAU, positions were centralized before central IT was ready to take on some of the work those people performed. In theory, centralized staff would continue to do the same job until centralization was fully implemented, but in reality, some centralized staff left the university, and they were not replaced for some time. That left the library’s remaining IT staff, as well as staff in other areas of the library, to do those jobs as well as their own.

At MSU, we are at the point where the library IT staff report to people in central IT and are thus considered centralized. However, they are still receiving instruction on what to work on from a librarian. In a few cases, this is also the person’s former supervisor, but in most it is not, because the head of the unit opted to move to a different position in the library. We have also had one person quit because of the centralization.Their work was distributed to others still in the unit. We anticipate, with a bit of dread, that it is just a matter of time before library IT people will be pulled into servicing other units on campus. This fear is justifiable as this is exactly what happened at NAU.

In some cases, simple tasks can take a long time in a centralized environment. For example, at NAU, web services were centralized. The library’s website was moved to a new campus-wide web platform and content management service, and we lost access to most editing functions other than modifying existing content. Campus web services is understaffed, so it can take months to have a minor programming change implemented. MSU recently acquired a campus CMS solution. It will take central IT awhile to become functional with the new system. Until then the library will be able to remain in our CMS with full edit rights. However, the only way to justify the expenditure for the campus CMS is to get most, if not all, units to use it too.

At MSU, our library IT staff had already been working with central IT for some functions, such as firewall changes. We’d submit a ticket to the help desk and wait. Central IT does not have a good reputation for fast responses, unless they close your ticket without resolving the issue. Just after the centralization was announced, there was a hallway conversation amongst the library IT folks seeing who had the longest open ticket with central IT. The winner was at 8 months. Going forward, all library IT requests will be using that same system, which brings a lot of fear of a severely lowered standard of response to our IT needs.

Impact on budget

The financial aspects of centralization can vary from institution to institution. In the initial round of centralization at NAU, positions and associated funding lines were transferred to central IT. Later, when the library lost two remaining IT staff to attrition, we were allowed to keep the funding lines but could not use them to hire IT staff. In some cases, central IT will charge units for services formerly provided by the units themselves (e.g. servers, storage).

At MSU, library administration was able to negotiate effectively to mitigate the financial impact of centralization. Our Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with IT, a temporary contract in place until we have Service Level Agreements (SLAs), specifies a one-time transfer of funds for the salaries of the people moved into central IT. It is expected that the funding will be permanently transferred after the SLAs are in place, assuming the centralization continues forward. (We have an interim president mandating centralization, so there is some speculation this will revert back after a new president is selected.) Cost for service from central IT is still being negotiated. If the library were  treated like any other college, we’d be charged an annual maintenance fee for every computer workstation in the library, which would total nearly $1 million annually. This is not feasible. We will also be charged for server housing, networking, etc.

Join us in January for part two of this two-part series on IT centralization: responding to centralization and future possibilities.

Categories: Library News

Jobs in Information Technology: December 12, 2018

LITA Blog - Wed, 2018-12-12 15:29

New vacancy listings are posted weekly on Wednesday at approximately 12 noon Central Time. They appear under New This Week and under the appropriate regional listing. Postings remain on the LITA Job Site for a minimum of four weeks.

New This Week

Denver Public Library, Special Collections and Digital Archives Manager, Denver, CO

The Blake School, Middle School Teacher Librarian, Hopkins, MN

The Blake School, Lower School Teacher Librarian, Wayzata, MN

Visit the LITA Job Site for more available jobs and for information on submitting a job posting.

Categories: Library News

Riko Fluchel Is Our 2018-19 LITA/OCLC Spectrum Scholar

LITA Blog - Tue, 2018-12-11 17:53

LITA and OCLC are funding Riko Fluchel’s participation in the ALA Spectrum Scholars program as part of their commitment to help diversify the library technology field.

Riko  is a second year at the University of Washington Information School MLIS program, where he is focusing on Information Architecture and Design. He is deeply interested in the ways information architecture facilitate or hinder information literacy, as well the applications of linked data and cultural heritage. Through the Spectrum program, he hopes to find mentorship and grow professionally as a digital humanist and information architect.

When notified of his selection, Riko said, “I’m very honored to receive this scholarship, and I’m excited to deepen my skills in library and information technologies with the best in the field!”

The ALA Spectrum Scholarship Program actively recruits and provides scholarships to American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Black/African American, Hispanic/Latino, Middle Eastern and North African and/or Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander students to assist them with obtaining a graduate degree and leadership positions within the profession and ALA. Visit the Spectrum Scholarship website to learn more about the program. We encourage you to donate to help increase opportunities for people of color in librarianship.

We thank OCLC for funding this scholarship.

Categories: Library News

Regent's University of London selects Talis Aspire to manage reading lists to improve student experience

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 10, 2018). Regent's University London has selected Talis Aspire to manage the university's reading lists. After winning an award for Customer Service Excellence in 2017, the university was keen to maintain focus on student experience, ensuring the smoothest possible process for students when accessing resources.
Categories: Library News

Fælles Bibliotekssystem leverer data til andre

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 10, 2018). Fælles Bibliotekssystem (FBS) får en model for udstilling af data. Dermed bliver systemet fremover dataleverandør til relevante parter, herunder kommuner og Bibliotekernes Business Intelligence (BIBI). Det står fast efter at styregruppen for FBS på deres møde den 28. november 2018 godkendte, at der etableres en infrastruktur til udstilling af data fra FBS,
Categories: Library News

NBC Learn and Newsela partner to bring engaging digital resources to schools

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 9, 2018). NBC Learn and Newsela announced today a new partnership to provide students and teachers access to premium education videos and digital content tailored for grades K-12. Both NBC Learn and Newsela.com will refer users to related content on the partner's respective digital platforms, providing teachers with the ability to connect classroom topics to the real world and current events.
Categories: Library News

Innovative invests in future of libraries with high-value product bundles

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 7, 2018). Innovative Interfaces announced that demand for product bundles remains strong as libraries continue to recognize the value and efficiency they deliver. The company introduced bundles to further enhance the solutions that Innovative offers to libraries and to simplify the purchasing process.
Categories: Library News

Follett's Destiny now in 23 of 25 largest U.S. K-12 districts

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 5, 2018). With the recent adoption by Virginia's Fairfax County Public Schools, Follett's market-leading Destiny solution is now in 23 of the 25 largest K-12 school districts in the United States. Destiny's flagship product, Destiny Library Manager, is the leading library management system for K-12 schools worldwide and trusted by more than 65,000 customers.
Categories: Library News

Patron Point appoints Ian Downie as Partner

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 5, 2018). Patron Point, the first of its kind marketing automation platform for public libraries, announced the appointment of Ian Downie as Partner. The appointment comes on the back of a very strong year in which the company doubled in size.
Categories: Library News

BBC Studios' Video Library now available through ProQuest

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 5, 2018). An expanded agreement between ProQuest and BBC Learning, a division of BBC Studios, was announced . It gives libraries access to thousands of additional BBC Studios titles through the Academic Video Online subscription, the world's largest streaming video subscription service curated for education. BBC Learning distributes some of the most popular video content in the academic space.
Categories: Library News

CARLI Selects Ex Libris Alma library services platform for 91 I-Share libraries

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 4, 2018). The Consortium of Academic and Research Libraries in Illinois (CARLI) announced that it has selected the Ex Libris Alma cloud-based library services platform to support I-Share, the resource sharing service and library catalog that serves 91 CARLI member institutions. Ex Libris Alma was selected through a competitive State of Illinois public procurement process.
Categories: Library News

The Crowley Company mourns the death of Christopher William Crowley

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 4, 2018). Vice president Patrick (Pat) Crowley of The Crowley Company, an international leader in digital imaging hardware solutions and conversion services, announced the passing of his brother and company president, Christopher (Chris) William Crowley, on Sunday, December 2, 2018.
Categories: Library News

OCLC Research and euroCRIS release report on international research information management practices

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 4, 2018). OCLC Research and euroCRIS, the international organization for research information, have published a joint research report, Practices and Patterns in Research Information Management: Findings from a Global Survey, which examines how research institutions worldwide are applying research information management (RIM) practices.
Categories: Library News

Oodi opens in Helsinki, marking a new era of libraries in the world's most literate nation

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 3, 2018). Oodi – a new central library for Helsinki will open on the fifth of December 2018, a day before Finland marks its 101st anniversary as an independent country. Described as the nation's birthday gift to its citizens, the 17,250 sq m library has been designed by Finnish architecture firm ALA Architects, led by Juho Grönholm, Antti Nousjoki and Samuli Woolston.
Categories: Library News

Softlink's Liberty chosen by the Michael Somare Library

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 3, 2018). Softlink Information Centres announced that the University of Papua New Guinea's Michael Somare Library has chosen the Liberty library management system.
Categories: Library News

The Coastal Alabama Community College Library Goes Live on ByWater Solutions Koha Support

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(December 1, 2018). ByWater Solutions, an open source community contributor and America's forefront provider of Koha support, announced today that the Coastal Alabama Library, in Alabama is now live on Koha with ByWater Solutions! ByWater completed the transition of the library's 130,000 plus holdings from Atrium and Library World ILS and is providing ongoing support services to the library. The library's customized Koha OPAC can be viewed at: https://coastalalabama.bywatersolutions.com/
Categories: Library News

Support for the Butte County Library Staff affected by the Camp Fire

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(November 27, 2018). ByWater Solutions, an open source community contributor and America's forefront provider of Koha support, has set up a GoFundMe page to help library staff affected by the Camp Fires in the Butte County Library System. ByWater has also contributed 10% of the total goal to help with this cause. All funds collected will go to directly to the members of the Butte County Library System who have lost their homes in the fires that ravaged the area this month. For more information and to make a donation to help these librarians please visit: https://www.gofundme.com/support-Butte-library-staff-affected-by-campfires.
Categories: Library News

Inner City Councils in Sydney put citizens first with cloud management

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(November 12, 2018). Four of Sydney's inner city councils have selected Civica's market-leading library management system to improve community collaboration. Spydus, a cloud-hosted solution, will support core library functions, enhance citizen engagement and open possibilities for a combined library service in the future.
Categories: Library News

Port Hedland libraries start a new chapter in the cloud

Library Technology Reports - Tue, 2018-12-11 05:30
(November 12, 2018). The Town of Port Hedland is strengthening the role of libraries at the heart of its community with a cloud-based integrated management system. Civica's Spydus10 will help the WA council improve customer experience and increase citizen engagement.
Categories: Library News

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